Fire Detection for Energy Storage

Industry | Hydrogen Fuel Cell Industry

Fuel cells are usually powered by the highly flammable and abundant gas hydrogen. Hydrogen is lighter as air and very diffusive. It can diffuse quickly when it escapes into the air. However, if the hydrogen accumulates in a confined space without sufficient ventilation, such as under a ceiling, it may ignite or cause explosions. It is therefore vital to ensure that specific solutions for fire detection are put into place in energy storage systems.

Challenges

Fires involving hydrogen present specific risks, as they are almost invisible to the naked eye during daylight hours. If a worker believes that there is a hydrogen leak, it should always be presumed that a flame is present. In addition, they have low radiant heat, so the fire may not be detected until a person is actually close to or inside the fire itself. Without a detection system in place, a hydrogen fire could go entirely undetected.

Hydrogen hazards must be handled properly to prevent fire. High expertise, together with fast and reliable hydrogen emissions monitoring, and early fire detection, are required in fuel cell production facilities, storage and shipping areas, and when integrating fuel cells in various automotive vehicles or industrial sites.

Fire Detection for Energy Storage

Industry | Wind Turbines

Wind turbine fires can occur due to lightning strikes, which are more common due to the turbine’s height, as well as its exposed, high-altitude location. Another significant percentage of fires are caused due to mechanical or electric malfunctions. As the turbine’s nacelle contains up to 200 gallons of flammable hydraulic fluid and lubricants, and the nacelle itself is made from flammable resin and glass fiber, the risk of ignition is high. This risk is increased by the presence of internal insulation that may be contaminated by oil deposits. Learn more about how to mitigate these risk and implement fire detection for energy storage and wind turbines.

Electrical equipment, such as capacitors, transformers, generators, electrical controls, and transmission equipment all have the potential to catch fire, as do Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems. Loose or broken electrical connections or overloaded electrical circuits are also a cause for concern.

Braking systems are also a high fire risk, as they may overheat. In this process, hot fragments of brake material may break off, and become combined with expelled hydraulic fluid from ruptured hydraulic hoses. Hydraulic pumps and connections can also fail, allowing the fluid to ignite when it meets a hot surface.

Challenges

Due to the many fire risks present, fire detection for energy storage always should include a flame detection system. This is a critical component of every wind turbine or sub station configuration. The fire detection system for energy storage must be able to detect and suppress flames at the earliest stage, before a large fire erupts.

Select the product you are looking for...

Select the product group you are looking for...

Select the brand you are looking for...

Are you looking for Spectrex SharpEye flame detection or Spectrex Quasar SafEye open path gas detection? look no further! We always have hundreds of Spectrex flame- and open path detectors in stock! In urgent need for a kitchen fire suppression system? We also have hundreds of Buckeye Kitchen Mister fire suppression systems in stock!

ESP Safety point gas detectors and Hansentek spark & ember detectors are available from us with short lead times. We offer tailor made solutions using Sensia thermal imaging camera’s for flame- and gas detection, gas quantification, flare monitoring and methane emission monitoring.

Scroll to Top